Easy Translation of Common Sanskrit terms in Your Yoga Practice:

 

Due to the nature of translating an antient language such as Sanskrit, know that these are rough translations, words can be perceived differently in different dialects and different times in history.

As I was told by my Indian teachers.  Sanskrit is one of the easiest languages because it sounds exactly the way it looks.

 

Yoga- Join, Yoke, Connect

Ayurveda- Life Science or Sacred Knowledge

Asana- Seat (yoga Pose)

 

Pranamasana- Prayer Pose

Tadasana- Mountain Pose

Hastauttanasana- Raised arms Pose

Uttanasana- Forward Fold

Utktanasana- Chair Pose

Ashwa Sanchalanasana – Equestrian Pose (lunge)

Dandasana- Stick Pose (plank)

Ashtanga Namaskara- Salute with Eight Limbs Pose

Bhujangasana- Cobra Pose

Adho Mukha Svanasana- Downward Facing Dog Pose

Ardha Chandrasana- Half Moon Pose

Virabhadrasana – Warrior Pose

Trikonasana – Triangle Pose

Parsvakonasana – Side angle Pose

Parsvottanasana-Pyramid Pose (head to knee)-Side stretch

Marichiasana- Ray of Light Pose (sage Marichi) seated twist

Setu Bandhasana- Bridge Lock Pose

Baddha  Konasana- Bound Angle Pose

Shavasana- Corpse Pose

 

The Seven Chakra System

Chakra- Wheel

Muladhara / Root chakra – Base:  Support.

Svadhistana / Sacral Chakra – Self; Seat,residence

Manipura / Solar plexus Chakra – Jewel, gem; city, dwelling place

Anahata / Heart Chakra – unstruck, unbeaten

Vishuddha / Throat Chakra – very pure

Ajna / Third Eye – command or perceiving

Sahaswara / Crown Chakra – Infinite, the sun, thousand spokes

 

Ashtanga- The Eight Limbs Of Yoga

Yamas- Controls or Disciplines  (publicly)

Niyamas- Internal Controls or Disciplines (when nobody is watching)

Asana- Seat-  yoga poses or postures

Pranayama- Life force, control – Breath controls(breathing techniques)

Pratyahara- Withdrawal of the senses

Dharana- Concentration- one pointed focus

Dhyana- meditative absorption

Samadhi- Oneness, self realization